Film Screenings: Campus Policies and Public Performance Licenses
This site is intended to provide a brief and cursory overview of Federal Copyright Laws and university policies that govern the screening of films on the Appalachian State University campus. The Federal Copyright Act (Public Law 94-553, Title 17 of the United States Code) governs the conditions under which copyrighted materials, such as films, may be screened. This information has been reviewed and approved by the Appalachian State University’s General Counsel's Office.
Public Campus Screening
If you would like to screen a film on campus as part of a public campus program (including an academic film series), you must obtain a Public Performance License (typical range: $300.00 - $1200.00) for the individual film(s) from a licensing agent (a list is provided below), which allows you the right to screen your film publicly on the ASU campus. This license is required even if your film is offered to the public for free and is educational in nature. You will be required to provide the Department of Student Engagement & Leadership or the appropriate facility manager with a copy of the license that specifies the title and screening date of the approved film.
Federal Copyright Laws protect all movies viewed in public areas regardless of format (35 mm, video tape or DVD). Video Tapes and DVDs that are available for purchase, rental, or library check-out are for private home viewing purposes only.
There are, however, a few exceptions. You may screen the film publicly if:
- The film is in the Public Domain.
- You have written permission from the film’s producer or other holder of the right to grant such permission.
- The film is obtained from a company that provides a Public Performance License with the purchase of the film. The ASU Library has a small selection of films that come with a Public Performance License. These films are most often documentary in nature, and typically do not include commercial or theatrically released films. Producing proof of this public exhibition privilege is the responsibility of the person wishing to screen the film.
Companies that provide a public performance license with DVD or video purchase include (some titles available in the ASU library):
- Media Education Foundation
Listed on MEF website: In addition, all purchased videos and DVDs are licensed for classroom viewing and public screening where no admission is charged.
- All Filmmakers Library, Inc.
Titles, for sale or rental, include public performance rights.
- First Run/Icarus Films
Listed on FR/IF Website: RIGHTS: Videos purchased from First Run/Icarus Films are licensed with Public Performance Rights for non-commercial and educational exhibition when no admission fee is charged.
Classroom Screenings/ Face-to Face Teaching
The Federal Copyright Law allows for the screening of a DVD or videocassette, without a license, in certain narrowly defined face-to-face teaching activities (Federal Copyright Act, Title 17, section 110(1). Appalachian State University understands that the face-to-face teaching exemption is valid only in situations where a teacher is present in a non-public classroom environment, uses a "lawfully made" DVD, videocassette, or other motion picture or audiovisual work for the purpose of teaching part of a course curriculum, and the screening is not open to the public. This educational exemption only applies to nonprofit academic institutions. Further, a motion picture in whatever format (including DVD or videocassette) that has been made by copying or recording on a home (or similar) recording device (e.g., VHS or DVD recorder) is not lawfully made for purposes of this exemption. A DVD or video recording that was manufactured and distributed by an entity having the right to do so, and that has been purchased, rented, or borrowed from a library, is lawfully made.
Federal Copyright Law, Title 17, Chapter 1
Section 101 To perform or display a work "publicly" means
(1) to perform or display it at a place open to the public or at any place where a substantial number of persons outside of a normal circle of a family and its social acquaintances is gathered;
Section 110 Limitations on exclusive rights: Exemption of certain performances and displays
Notwithstanding the provisions of Section 106, the following are not infringements of copyright:
(1) performance or display of a work by instructors or pupils in the course of face-to-face teaching activities of a nonprofit educational institution, in a classroom or similar place devoted to instruction, unless, in the case of a motion picture or other audiovisual work, the performance, or the display of individual images, is given by means of a copy that was not lawfully made under this title, and that the person responsible for the performance knew or had reason to believe was not lawfully made;
General Film Usage Restrictions Under the Federal Copyright Act
Restaurants, prisons, summer camps, public libraries, day-care facilities, parks and recreation departments, churches, and non-classroom use at schools and universities are all examples of screenings where a public performance license must be obtained. This legal requirement applies regardless of whether an admission fee is charged, whether the institution or organization is commercial or non-profit, or whether a federal or state agency is involved.
Businesses, institutions, organizations, companies or individuals wishing to engage in non-home showings of home videocassettes or DVDs must secure licenses to do so - regardless of whether an admission or other fee is charged (Section 501). This legal requirement applies equally to profit-making organizations and non-profit institutions (Senate Report No. 94-473, page 59; House Report No. 94-1476, page 62).
Steps for screening a film in Greenbriar Theater or IG Greer Auditorium
To reserve space in the Greenbriar Theater:
Contact the Student Union Event Services Office at (828) 262-3032. If the film screening is open to the public, a Public Performance License will be required.
To reserve space in IG Greer Auditorium:
The Student Union does not reserve, schedule, or provide staffing for events in IG Greer other than for APPS films.
For information on reserving IG Greer Auditorium, please contact the College of Arts & Sciences for events between 8am-5pm, and Business Affairs for events after 5pm.
*Note: The Student Union does not provide any technical support for IG Greer Auditorium events, this will need to be arranged when reserving the space from the appropriate office.
Non-theatrical movie distributions and public performance licensing agents for publicly exhibited film screenings:
Film catalogs vary with each company.